“I am grateful that Pope Francis has clarified the Catholic Church’s teaching on the death penalty. Our faith is a living faith, and as the new, approved text explains, ‘a new understanding has emerged of the significance of penal sanctions imposed by the state,’ thus ‘the death penalty is inadmissible.’
“The death penalty violates the dignity of human life. This awareness of the sanctity of every human being, regardless of their circumstances, deepens our gratitude to God for all life and increases our solidarity with all our sisters and brothers.
“The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith received approval from Pope Francis to change the teaching as explained in the Catechism of the Catholic Church, a universal document of the Church’s teaching. The full text of the revised teaching is as follows:
2267. Recourse to the death penalty on the part of legitimate authority, following a fair trial, was long considered an appropriate response to the gravity of certain crimes and an acceptable, albeit extreme, means of safeguarding the common good.
Today, however, there is an increasing awareness that the dignity of the person is not lost even after the commission of very serious crimes. In addition, a new understanding has emerged of the significance of penal sanctions imposed by the state. Lastly, more effective systems of detention have been developed, which ensure the due protection of citizens but, at the same time, do not definitively deprive the guilty of the possibility of redemption.
Consequently, the Church teaches, in the light of the Gospel, that “the death penalty is inadmissible because it is an attack on the inviolability and dignity of the person”, and she works with determination for its abolition worldwide”.